Today I will continue my coverage of Gernew or Cornouaille by talking about the southern part of the region. This contains the most famous Breton Costumes, which are still alive today, as well as some less well known. I will again proceed west to east. Note that even this set of articles are a simplification. In fact, the costume and coif varied by age, social class and time period as well as by region.
Île de Sein in French
In Crozon, and Douarnenez, the large embroidered shawl seen in Leon and also the cornette were worn at times for solemn occasions.
Ploare, Ploaré in French, which lay just east of Douarnenez, and of which it now forms a quarter, had a very colorful costume which greatly resembled that of Kemper. It had a great deal of colorful embroidery.
Pont-Croix in French
The literature claims that in Pont Croix they wear the original coif that predates the penn sardin. I have found very little in the way of images.
The next three costumes are the most famous in all Brittany. Each is found over a substantial area.
Often called Pont-l'Abbe after the main city of this region. This is the costume shown in the image at the head of the article. It is remarkable for the amount of embroidery on both the old and new forms of the costume. Both are still seen today. The old costume was remarkable for the many layers worn. It was worn with a short cap shaped coif with colored embroidery on the sides and white embroidery on the cap itself.
In this photo we see the progression of the Kemper costume, from the 18th cent costume on the left, through the 19th cent, when the colors become more somber, often with a predominance of blue, and then the 20th cent, when the costume became black with bead embroidery. The cut of the clothing became simpler and the coif became progressively smaller.
The original coif resembled that of the surrounding areas before being modified into the confection that exists today.
The collar is a remnant of the Elizabethan era. Here are a couple of photos showing the goffering process.
The men's vests and jackets also developed embroidery, but with a somewhat different composition than in Kemper.