Note that this is a Breton word, not French, so the final T is pronounced. Earlier it was called Bro or Pays Gwenedour. It is also often called by the name of its main city, Ar Gemene, or in French, Guémené-sur-Scorff. The costume is distinguished by rows of many buttons on the bodice, vest and jackets of both men and women. Thus this costume is sometimes called 'the thousand buttons'. Here is a pair of drawings of the costume as worn in 1844. In this region, as in so many others many colors were used in this era.
Another type of headgear was worn for more everyday occasions. This is called the capot, and basically consists of a closed cylinder with a kerchief attached to the back. It is worn over a plain version of the underbonnet.
The Gavotte of Pourlet is renowned for the high leaps of the men. Here is a group from Pontivy [in Pontivy costume] performing it.
Patches of velvet were applied to the outerwear, the composition depending on locality. Men's jackets were made of either black or white wool under these patches.
The modern coif developed simply by shortening the old coif and adding lace. Here is an intermediate example. No extra loops were added.
Bro an Oriant
Pays de Lorient in French
This region lies in the southwest of Vannetais, and includes Enez Groe, Ile de Groix in French, and also the southeast corner of Cornouaille, Kloars Karnoed, Clohars Carnoët in French. The coif was originally as large as in the other parts of Bro Gwened.
The coifs from Groe or Groix often had small extensions on the sides that are remnants of the ties of the coif.
The capot is also worn here.
A few more images.
The bib of the apron is not quite as large as in Lorient, there being no cutout for the neck, and there is often a lace collarette behind. The aprons are often embroidered, and in the City of Vannes and the area around the Gulf of Morbihan, shawls may be worn, as in Rhuys.
The image at the head of this article is from this region. Here are just a couple more images from the same performance. Note that the woman in the capot is in Pourlet costume, which one assumes is why there is trouble.
This region includes the tip of the Rewiz or Rhuys peninsula and the islands which lie within the Gulf of Morbihan. The women wear a round coif, and on formal occasions a lace shawl.
And I will conclude this article here. This is the end of Breton speaking Brittany. The eastern part traditionally spoke a Romance dialect called Gallo, and I will continue to cover the rest of the territory in more article.