Today i am going to present some more information on the costume of the Kazan' Tatars. Specifically the richly embroidered headgear, the kalfak. This is still the town costume. Peasant costume will be in another forthcoming posting.
If you look at the portrait of the princess i showed you in the previous posting, you will see that she is wearing the ancient headress 'kashpau', a tall stiff cone shaped hat which has cognates in several central Asian cultures, most noteably the Kazakh and the Kirghiz. Here is a reconstructed costume of the 16th cent.