Today i will continue the discussion of Javoriw [Yavoriw] costume by focusing on the embroidery.
The oldest embroidery on the apron, linen kabat or kamizelka, and the chemise, is based on back stitch, counted satin stitch, and cross stitch. This was done in waxed linen thread, which was yellowish, and black, often with some addition of red, but not always. Here is a close up of an apron done only in hemstitch, waxed linen thread and black. The hem of the hand printed skirt, maliovanka, shows beneath.
Here are a couple of other aprons, done mostly in cross stitch. You will notice throughout that the costume pieces have compositions which are in rows, seperated by lines of back stitch, hemstitch, or herringbone.
L. Krawchuk, 'Ukrainian Folk Embroidery of Lviw Oblast' Kyjiw [Kiev], 1961
Maria Kalyniak, 'Ukrajinska Vyshywka, Suchasne Traktuvannia' [Ukrainian Embroidery, a Modern Approach], Lviw, 2004
Najden, Sorokinka et al, 'Ukrajinske Dekoratywne Mystetsvo, Vyshywka' [Ukrainian Decorative Folk Art - Embroidery], Kyjiw [Kiev] 1990
Kmit & Luciow, 'Ukrainian Embroidery', New York, 1978
O. Moshynska, 'The Book of Ukrainian Embroideries', Cleveland, 1980