Today I continue my tour of the Costumes of Brittany with Bro Gernew, or the Pays Cornouaille, obviously named after Kernow, [Cornwall], whence many of the Breton People originated. They settled here after being driven from their homes by the marauding Anglo-Saxon invasion of their land. They kept alive the ancestral language of Britain, which has otherwise survived only in Wales and Cornwall.
Pays Cornouailles in French
In French, PlougastelThe town of Plougastel has its own distinctive and very colorful costume, preserved from the 19th cent. with little change. This is often called the costume of Plougastel-Daoulas, as the distinctive costume of Daoulas seems to have been lost. This is the costume shown at the head of the article.
These two costumes lie to the west of Plougastel. I have been unable to find modern images of either; likely they have switched to the costume of Plougastel. Here is an old print of two men from around Dirinon.
The rest of the costume rather resembles that of Lower Leon, with the large shawl. Here are a few old photos.
The coif of Daoulas, [7 on the map above] was called kernevodez and was similar to that of Chateaulin. . The costume of Daoulas resembled that of Kernev [Cornouaille] rather than that of Lyon. Here are just a few images.
Gouezec and St. Thois
In this region, there were originally two large wings over the undercap.
Over time in Gouezec these wings changed into two loops that look quite different from those of Chateaulin.
In St Thois, the wings became smaller without looping.
A small simple coif was worn for everyday.
In French, Châteauneuf-du-Faou
In this region, as well as the next ones, the coif shrank until it covered only the bun of hair at the back of the head. In this area, the formal coif also had three loops of lace which extended in all directions
In French, Carhaix
Here the coif also covers just the bun, but with no loops or extensions. The back of the coif is finely embroidered, and there is a collar which is embroidered to match.
Gwareg - Rostrenenn
In French, Gouarec - Rostrenen
This is the northeasternmost part of Bro Gernev. I have been able to find little from this area. It appears that the coif is reduced to a bun cover in a simple netting. The cornet may be used for grand occasions, and the collar is smaller and simpler than in Carhaix.