So far, this is a straightforward darning stitch which is found in many places. Nyzynka is distinct in that it fills in the design in with different colors, typically yellow, orange, green and red, with blue and violet being added less often.
For the small diamonds and the wide lines, the filling colors are simply laid parallel to background threads in a sort of brick or bargello stitch. For the fine lines the filling colors are laid at an angle over two threads so as to form a solid line, otherwise, you would simply have a diagonal row of dots.Usually, at least one of the major design elements is left white.
The standard composition consists of a wide band in the center, with two border designs which have a toothed or hooked edge. If the embroidery is done on the shoulder piece of a woman's blouse, there may be only one such border, the other edge being at the seam, and often having gathers below it, especially in Hutsul costume.
As you can see, there is usually a gap between the two, which is filled with rows of herringbone stitch, [sosnytsia or snuriwka] or braid stitch, [retiaz' or pletinka] Typically there will be rows of a solid color which frame other rows in which the color changes rhythmically, alternating light and dark as well as warm and cool colors. In some recent embroideries, this is replaced with rows of cross stitch.
For men's shirts, usually there are two rather narrow bands which frame the front opening, with a border on the outside of each.
When used on a pillowcase or rushnyk, a border is placed on both edges.
While the background color is most commonly black, it may be red or maroon.
Hutsuls usually put just one band of embroidery on the shoulder inset.
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